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Format for References
Guidelines for references when submitting an article to the c&c
Identify all references at appropriate points in the main text by the author's last name, year of publication and pagination where appropriate, all within parentheses. Specify subsequent citations of the same source similiarly; do not use 'ibid.', 'op. cit.' or 'loc. cit.'.
If the author of the reference appears in the text, use only the year of publication in parentheses, e.g. Williams (1988).
If the author's name is not in the text, include both the author's name and year of publication separated by a comma within parantheses, e.g. (Williams, 1988).
Pagination follows year, e.g. (Williams, 1988: 45-8). If the pagination are not subsequent, (Williams, 1988: 35-6, 73-5).
In case of dual authorship give both names; for three or more use 'et al.', e.g. (Lash and Urry, 1987) and (Bennett et al., 1986).
If there is more than one reference to the same author and year, distinguish between them by use of the letters 'a', 'b', etc. attached to the year of publication, e.g. (Foucault, 1979a).
A series of references should be enclosed within a single pair of parantheses, seperated by semicolons, e.g. (Bourdieu, 1984; DiMaggio, 1987; Lamont, 1988).
For quotations within the text, please use single inverted commas on all occasions, except for a quotation within a quotation, when double inverted commas should be used. Quotations longer than 40 words should be typed in an indented paragraph format, without the use of inverted commas.
List all entries cited in the text, or any other items used to prepare the manuscript, alphabetically by author and year of publication in a separate, headed, reference section.
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